Moyamoya Disease Masquerading as Hemiplegic Migraine in a Child: A Case Report from India

Moyamoya Disease Presenting as a Hemiplegic Migraine


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Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4274/jpea.2024.275

Keywords:

Moyamoya disease, alternating hemiplegia, hemiplegic migraine

Abstract

Moyamoya disease (MMD) is a chronic progressive steno-occlusive disease of the intracranial arterial vessels and their branches characterized by puff smoke appearance on angiography. Multifocal neurological insults and deficits are commonly observed in children with MMD. A 7-year-old boy presented with multiple episodes of transient hemiparesis preceded by headache, vomiting, and visual auras was initially labeled as sporadic hemiplegic migraine according to the International Headache Society criteria. However, the rare association of hemiplegic migraine with MMD compelled us to perform magnetic resonance imaging and digital subtraction angiography, which revealed MMD as the underlying cause for the alternating hemiplegia and headaches in the child.

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Published

2024-05-09

How to Cite

Kumar, K., Kumar, D., & Mathur, S. B. (2024). Moyamoya Disease Masquerading as Hemiplegic Migraine in a Child: A Case Report from India: Moyamoya Disease Presenting as a Hemiplegic Migraine. The Journal of Pediatric Academy, 5(2), 70–72. https://doi.org/10.4274/jpea.2024.275